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J Mol Endocrinol. 2003 Oct;31(2):255-62.

A novel mutation in the calcium-sensing receptor responsible for autosomal dominant hypocalcemia in a family with two uncommon parathyroid hormone polymorphisms.

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Bone and Mineral Research Unit, Instituto Reina Sofía de Investigación, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, c/Julián Clavería s/n, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.


A novel missense activating mutation in the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is reported in this work. It was identified in three related subjects with the phenotypic features of autosomal dominant hypocalcemia (ADH). The proband, a 27-year-old woman, diagnosed as having hypoparathyroidism at 7 years of age and a history of seizures, showed the highest penetrance of the mutation. The remaining two affected members presented asymptomatic chronic hypocalcemia despite severe hypoparathyroidism associated with high levels of serum phosphate and calcium urinary excretion. The missense mutation (Glu(604)Lys) affected an amino acid residue in the C terminus of the cysteine-rich domain of the extracellular amino-terminal domain, which seems to be required for the coupling of ligand binding to the activation of intracellular signaling pathways. This genetic change cosegregated with hypocalcemia in all the individuals where the mutation was found. As parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion is the regulatory target of the CaSR, polymorphism analysis of the PTH gene was carried out. PTH polymorphisms were analyzed in the kindred studied. Affected members for the Glu(604)Lys CaSR mutation which also carried the uncommon PTH alleles showed higher penetrance of the mutation, with more severe autosomal dominant hypocalcemia. These results suggested that the PTH gene could act as a modifier locus of ADH, affecting the penetrance of the activating CaSR mutation described.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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