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Circulation. 2002 Apr 23;105(16):1879-82.

Common estrogen receptor polymorphism augments effects of hormone replacement therapy on E-selectin but not C-reactive protein.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1045, USA.

Erratum in

  • Circulation. 2003 Jul 29;108(4):5001.



The estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) IVS1-401 polymorphism identifies a group of women (approximately 20%) who have augmented effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on levels of HDL cholesterol. This study sought to determine if this augmentation extends to HRT regulation of E-selectin and C-reactive protein (CRP) and to explore possible mechanisms by which this polymorphism might influence estrogen action.


Serum levels of soluble E-selectin and CRP were measured at baseline and 1 year in 264 postmenopausal women randomized to treatment with oral conjugated equine estrogen (0.625 mg/d), estrogen plus progestin (medroxyprogesterone acetate 2.5 mg/d), or placebo. Women with the ER-alpha IVS1-401 C/C genotype receiving HRT had nearly a 2-fold greater reduction in E-selectin compared with C/T or T/T women (P for interaction=0.02). In contrast, there was no augmentation of the HRT-associated increase in CRP among the C/C women compared with C/T or T/T women (P for interaction=0.54). Of luciferase reporter constructs containing sequences spanning the IVS1-401 T/C polymorphism, expression of the construct containing the C allele was enhanced >10-fold, with cotransfection of a constitutively expressed B-myb vector. In contrast, B-myb resulted in only a 2.5-fold increase in expression of the T allele construct.


Women with the ER-alpha IVS1-401 C/C genotype have greater reductions in E-selectin but no further increases in CRP with HRT. The C allele produces a functional binding site for the transcription factor B-myb. The impact of this polymorphism on ER-alpha transcription and other estrogen-sensitive intermediate and clinical end points has not yet been established.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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