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J Pediatr. 2001 Nov;139(5):694-9.

Risks associated with alcohol-positive status among adolescents in the emergency department: a matched case-control study.

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1
Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to examine alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, other risk-taking behaviors, and parental monitoring in adolescents who tested positive for alcohol in an emergency department.

STUDY DESIGN:

A matched case-control design was implemented for adolescents presenting to a pediatric emergency department who were screened for alcohol use. An alcohol-positive sample (N = 150) was compared with a matched alcohol-negative sample (N = 150) for alcohol use, alcohol problems, depression, smoking, risk-taking behavior, and parental monitoring.

RESULTS:

The alcohol-positive group reported significantly higher drinking frequency, drinking problems, prior alcohol-related injuries, and episodes of driving after drinking and riding with a drinking driver than the alcohol-negative adolescents. The same pattern was true for depressed mood, reckless behaviors, poor grades in school, and daily smoking. The parents of alcohol-positive teens reported their teens had come home intoxicated more often than parents of alcohol-negative teens. There were no differences between parent groups in monitoring of teens.

CONCLUSION:

Adolescents who test positive for alcohol in an emergency department are a high-risk group who meet the criteria for indicated prevention. Screening for alcohol abuse is recommended.

PMID:
11713449
DOI:
10.1067/mpd.2001.118400
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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