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Hypertension. 2001 Sep;38(3 Pt 2):606-11.

Antioxidant effects of vitamins C and E are associated with altered activation of vascular NADPH oxidase and superoxide dismutase in stroke-prone SHR.

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1
Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) have antioxidant properties that could improve redox-sensitive vascular changes associated with hypertension. We determined whether vitamins C and E influence vascular function and structure in hypertension by modulating activity of NADPH oxidase and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Adult stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) were divided into 3 groups: control (C; n=6), vitamin C-treated (vit C, 1000 mg/day; n=7), and vitamin E-treated (vit E, 1000 IU/day; n=8). All rats were fed 4% NaCl. Blood pressure was measured weekly. After 6 weeks of treatment, the rats were killed, and mesenteric arteries were mounted as pressurized preparations. Vascular O(2)(-) generation and NADPH oxidase activity were measured by chemiluminescence. Vascular SOD activity and plasma total antioxidant status (TAS) were determined spectrophotometrically. Blood pressure increased from 212+/-7 to 265+/-6 mm Hg in controls. Treatment prevented progression of hypertension (vit C, 222+/-6 to 234+/-14 mm Hg; vit E, 220+/-9 to 227+/-10 mm Hg). Acetylcholine-induced vasodilation was improved (P<0.05), and media-to-lumen ratio was reduced (P<0.05) in the treated rats. O(2)(-) was lower in vitamin-treated groups compared with controls (vit C, 10+/-4 nmol. min(-1). g(-1) dry tissue weight; vit E, 9.6+/-3.5 nmol. min(-1). g(-1) dry tissue weight; C, 21+/-9 nmol. min(-1). g(-1) dry tissue weight; P<0.05). Both vitamin-treated groups showed significant improvement (P<0.01) in TAS. These effects were associated with decreased activation of vascular NADPH oxidase (vit C, 46+/-10; vit E, 50+/-9; C, 70+/-16 nmol. min(-1). g(-1) dry tissue weight, P<0.05) and increased activation of SOD (vit C, 12+/-2; vit E, 8+/-1; C, 4.6+/-1 U/mg; P<0.05). Our results demonstrate that vitamins C and E reduce oxidative stress, improve vascular function and structure, and prevent progression of hypertension in SHRSP. These effects may be mediated via modulation of enzyme systems that generate free radicals.

PMID:
11566940
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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