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J Consult Clin Psychol. 2001 Jun;69(3):471-80.

Cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression in smoking cessation.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Butler Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA.


Cigarette smokers with past major depressive disorder (MDD) received 8 group sessions of standard, cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment (ST; n = 93) or standard, cognitive-behavioral smokiig cessation treatment plus cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression (CBT-D; n = 86). Although abstinence rates were high in both conditions (ST, 24.7%; CBT-D, 32.5%, at 1 year) for these nonpharmacological treatments, no main effect of treatment was found. However, secondary analyses revealed significant interactions between treatment condition and both recurrent depression history and heavy smoking ( > or =25 cigarettes a day) at baseline. Smokers with recurrent MDD and heavy smokers who received CBT-D were significantly more likely to be abstinent than those receiving ST (odds ratios = 2.3 and 2.6, respectively). Results suggest that CBT-D provides specific benefits for some, but not all, smokers with a history of MDD.

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