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Ultrason Sonochem. 1998 Jun;5(2):41-52.

OH-radical formation by ultrasound in aqueous solution--Part II: Terephthalate and Fricke dosimetry and the influence of various conditions on the sonolytic yield.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Strahlenchemie, Stiftstrasse 34-36, P.O. Box 101365, D-45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.


Terephthalate and Fricke dosimetry have been carried out to determine the sonolytic energy yields of the OH free radical and of its recombination product H2O2 in aqueous solutions under various operating conditions (nature of operating gas, power, frequency, temperature). For example, in the sonolysis of Ar-saturated terephthalate solutions at room temperature, a frequency of 321 kHz, and a power of 170 W kg-1, the total yield [G(.OH) + 2 G(H2O2)], equals 16 x 10(-10) mol J-1. This represents the total of .OH that reach the liquid phase from gas phase of the cavitating bubble. The higher the solute concentration, the lower the H2O2 production as more of the OH free radicals are scavenged, in competition with their recombination. Fricke dosimetry, in the absence and presence of Cu2+ ions, shows that the yield of H atom reaching the liquid phase is much lower, with G(H.) of the order of 3 x 10(-10) mol J-1. These sonolytic yields are smaller in solutions that are at the point of gas saturation, and increase to an optimum as the initial sonication-induced degassing and effervescence subsides. The probing of the sonic field has shown that the rate of sonolytic free-radical formation may vary across the sonicated volume depending on frequency and power input.


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