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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Aug 12;1451(1):48-58.

Preparation of recombinant rat interleukin-5 by baculovirus expression system and analysis of its biological activities.

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Department of Pathophysiological Biochemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Aoba Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan.


Rat interleukin-5 (IL-5) cDNA was subcloned from peritoneal cells collected 4 h after intraperitoneal injection of Ascaris suum antigen solution into the immunized rats. Cysteine proteinase-deleted (CPd) rat IL-5 recombinant virus was constructed by inserting rat IL-5 cDNA into CPd virus having a deletion in the cysteine proteinase gene of the silkworm Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus. On infection with the CPd rat IL-5 recombinant virus, the silkworm B. mori larvae produced rat IL-5 as a dimeric form in hemolymph. Recombinant rat IL-5 was purified more than 95.5% by anion-exchange chromatography and hydrophobic chromatography. The purified recombinant rat IL-5 promoted the proliferation of T88-M cells in a concentration-dependent manner, and its effect was inhibited by an anti-murine IL-5 neutralizing polyclonal antibody. When bone marrow cells from normal rats were incubated with recombinant rat IL-5 in medium containing methylcellulose, the colony formation by eosinophilic cells was induced. Furthermore, when rat peritoneal eosinophils were incubated with recombinant rat IL-5, the spontaneous decrease in the eosinophil viability was inhibited in time- and concentration-dependent manners. In addition, the recombinant rat IL-5-induced eosinophil survival was inhibited by an anti-murine IL-5 neutralizing polyclonal antibody. These findings suggest that rat IL-5 acts as B-cell growth factor II (BCGF-II), eosinophil differentiation factor (EDF), and eosinophil survival-enhancing factor.

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