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Hemoglobin. 1999 May;23(2):111-24.

Hb Rainier [beta145(HC2)Tyr-->Cys] in Italy. Characterization of the amino acid substitution and the DNA mutation.

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Centro Internazionale Servizi di Spettrometria di Massa CNR - Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italia.


A high oxygen affinity hemoglobin variant was identified in a 53-year-old male patient from Napoli (Italy), suffering from pulmonary thromboembolism and polycythemia. A detailed structural characterization of the variant hemoglobin was carried out, both at the protein and DNA levels, by a combination of DNA sequencing and allele-specific amplification techniques with mass spectrometric procedures. The amino acid substitution was found to be Tyr-->Cys, and the corresponding DNA mutation was identified as A-->G at the second position of codon 145 of the beta chain. These variations indicated the presence of Hb Rainier. Haplotype analysis of DNA polymorphisms showed that the beta-globin gene from Hb Rainier was associated with haplotype II. Moreover, structural analyses provided direct identification of an intramolecular disulphide bridge joining the newly inserted beta145Cys with beta93Cys. This is the first report of the occurrence of Hb Rainier in Italy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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