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Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2018 Nov 14;73:e441. doi: 10.6061/clinics/2018/e441.

Assessment of suicidal behavior and factors associated with a diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Author information

1
Programa de Pos Graduacao Fundacao Antonio Prudente, A.C. Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.
2
Divisao de Urologia, A.C. Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.
3
Departamento de Psico-Oncologia, A.C. Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the incidence of suicide risk in a group of patients who have been diagnosed with localized prostate cancer (PC) and to identify the factors that affect suicidal behavior.

METHODS:

Patients from a tertiary care oncology center in São Paulo, Brazil participated in this study and were interviewed after being diagnosed with low-risk or intermediate-risk PC, per the D'Amico risk classification, between September 2015 and March 2016. Patients underwent suicide risk assessment sessions using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the CAGE substance abuse screening tool before they started treatment and surveillance. Psychiatric treatment history, family history of suicidal behavior, and the use of psychotropic drugs were also examined.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of suicide risk among 250 patients who were recently diagnosed with low-risk or intermediate-risk PC was 4.8%. According to the HADS, 10.8% and 6.8% of patients had a positive score anxiety and for depression, respectively. Alcoholism was suspected in 2.8% of the group. Suicide risk was associated with anxiety (p=0.001); depression (p=0.005); being divorced, separated, widowed, or single (p=0.045); living alone (p=0.028); and prior psychological treatment (p=0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

After being diagnosed with PC, patients who display risk factors for suicide should be monitored by a mental health team.

PMID:
30462755
PMCID:
PMC6224708
DOI:
10.6061/clinics/2018/e441
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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