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Swiss Med Wkly. 2019 Jun 30;149:w20095. doi: 10.4414/smw.2019.20095. eCollection 2019 Jun 17.

Determinants of hospital length of stay after transcatheter aortic valve implantation with self-expanding prostheses: a prospective, single centre observational study.

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Division of Cardiology, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland.
Division of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland.
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland.



We sought to identify baseline and periprocedural variables affecting hospital length of stay (LoS) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).


Data on 304 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI at a single centre between August 2008 and December 2017 were collected prospectively. All patients underwent a complete clinical, echocardiographic and laboratory evaluation including a comprehensive frailty assessment at baseline. LoS was defined as the number of in-hospital days after the TAVI procedure during the index hospitalisation until the time the patient left the hospital for home or a rehabilitation clinic.


The mean LoS was 10.4 ± 7.1 days (median 8, interquartile range 5–12) with a significant trend towards shorter LoS over time (p <0.001). Patients discharged directly home were more likely to have shorter LoS (p = 0.007). All periprocedural complications were significantly associated with prolonged LoS (p <0.05 for all). Multivariate analysis showed an independent association between LoS and emergency admission (beta 3.24 ± 1.56, p = 0.039), baseline gait speed (beta: 0.39 ± 0.16, p = 0.018), baseline serum C-reactive protein (CRP, beta 0.14 ± 0.04, p = 0.001) and subclavian access (beta 8.27 ± 2 .9, p = 0.005). Gait speed and serum CRP remained significant determinants of LoS even after adjustment for periprocedural complications and patients’ discharge destination.


Baseline gait speed and serum CRP are significant independent determinants of LoS after TAVI.

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