Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurosurg. 2018 Mar 1:1-9. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.JNS1712. [Epub ahead of print]

Smartphone-assisted minimally invasive neurosurgery.

Author information

1
1Division of Neurosurgery, Hospital das Clínicas of University of São Paulo Medical School; and.
2
2Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVEAdvances in video and fiber optics since the 1990s have led to the development of several commercially available high-definition neuroendoscopes. This technological improvement, however, has been surpassed by the smartphone revolution. With the increasing integration of smartphone technology into medical care, the introduction of these high-quality computerized communication devices with built-in digital cameras offers new possibilities in neuroendoscopy. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of smartphone-endoscope integration in performing different types of minimally invasive neurosurgery.METHODSThe authors present a new surgical tool that integrates a smartphone with an endoscope by use of a specially designed adapter, thus eliminating the need for the video system customarily used for endoscopy. The authors used this novel combined system to perform minimally invasive surgery on patients with various neuropathological disorders, including cavernomas, cerebral aneurysms, hydrocephalus, subdural hematomas, contusional hematomas, and spontaneous intracerebral hematomas.RESULTSThe new endoscopic system featuring smartphone-endoscope integration was used by the authors in the minimally invasive surgical treatment of 42 patients. All procedures were successfully performed, and no complications related to the use of the new method were observed. The quality of the images obtained with the smartphone was high enough to provide adequate information to the neurosurgeons, as smartphone cameras can record images in high definition or 4K resolution. Moreover, because the smartphone screen moves along with the endoscope, surgical mobility was enhanced with the use of this method, facilitating more intuitive use. In fact, this increased mobility was identified as the greatest benefit of the use of the smartphone-endoscope system compared with the use of the neuroendoscope with the standard video set.CONCLUSIONSMinimally invasive approaches are the new frontier in neurosurgery, and technological innovation and integration are crucial to ongoing progress in the application of these techniques. The use of smartphones with endoscopes is a safe and efficient new method of performing endoscope-assisted neurosurgery that may increase surgeon mobility and reduce equipment costs.

KEYWORDS:

GCS = Glasgow Coma Scale; SDH = subdural hematoma; brain aneurysm; epilepsy; intracerebral hematoma; neuroendoscopy; smartphone; subdural hematoma; surgical technique; third ventriculostomy

PMID:
29529913
DOI:
10.3171/2017.6.JNS1712

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Sheridan PubFactory
Loading ...
Support Center