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Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2018;24(2):72-81. doi: 10.18544/PEDM-24.02.0105.

[Nutritional habits of 11-12-year-old swimmers against non-athlete peers - a pilot study].

[Article in Polish; Abstract available in Polish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Tourism, Recreation and Ecology Faculty of Environmental Sciences Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn.

Abstract

in English, Polish

INTRODUCTION:

Quality and quantity of food, consumed by a child have a great influence on his biological development. Dietary habits of children often do not meet criteria suggested by health institutions and schools. Nutrition of a child, involved in competitive sport should be rationally planned and obeyed.

AIM:

Comparison of dietary habits among two groups children: practicing swimming and non-athletes.

MATERIALS AND METHOD:

Research group consisted of 11-12-year-old children attending the same public primary school. Forty six students engaged in swimming training and forty two non-athletes were examined. The following anthropometrics variables had been measured: body height, body mass, percent body fat and body mass index. Dietary habits of the children were assessed by the survey, created on the basis of a tools available in literature.

RESULTS:

Children of both groups differed essentially in terms of percent body fat. Anyway, their body proportions meet the referred standards. A few differences were discovered in nutritional patterns among swimmers and non-athletes. Young swimmers more often consumed dinners at school. Moreover, swimming pupils ate dairy products more often than their peers, but ate fish less often. Non-athletes declared consumption of sweets more often when compared to the swimmers.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results of this study revealed insufficient number of consumed meal portions in both groups. There is a need of permanent nutritional education, provided by parents, teachers at school and sports coaches.

KEYWORDS:

children; nutrition; school; swimming; training

PMID:
30300428
DOI:
10.18544/PEDM-24.02.0105

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