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Neurology. 2018 Dec 26. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006849. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006849. [Epub ahead of print]

Risk factors for possible REM sleep behavior disorder: A CLSA population-based cohort study.

Author information

1
From the Integrated Program in Neuroscience (C.Y.), Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery (S.-M.F., R.B.P.), Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Occupational Health (C.W.), and Department of Medicine (C.W., A.P.), McGill University; Centre de Recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (M.R.K.); and Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (C.W., A.P.), Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2
From the Integrated Program in Neuroscience (C.Y.), Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery (S.-M.F., R.B.P.), Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Occupational Health (C.W.), and Department of Medicine (C.W., A.P.), McGill University; Centre de Recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (M.R.K.); and Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (C.W., A.P.), Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ron.postuma@mcgill.ca.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and clinical correlates of idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in a 30,097-person national cohort.

METHODS:

Participants 45 to 85 years of age in Canada were collected as part of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging. Possible RBD (pRBD) was screened with the REM Sleep Behavior Disorder Single-Question Screen, a questionnaire with 94% specificity and 87% sensitivity. To improve diagnostic accuracy, those screening positive for apnea or non-REM parasomnia (young-onset pRBD) and those self-reporting dementia or Parkinson disease were excluded. A series of sociodemographic, lifestyle, and mental health variables were analyzed cross-sectionally. Potential correlates were assessed via multivariable logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Of 30,097 participants, 958 (3.2%) were identified as having pRBD. Male sex (odds ratio [OR] 2.09, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.78-2.44) and lower education (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.92-0.98) were associated with pRBD. Participants with pRBD had smoked more (pack-years OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00-1.01) and were more likely to be moderate to heavy drinkers (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.04-1.51). There was a strong association between pRBD and self-reported antidepressant treatment for depression (OR 2.77, 95% CI 2.23-3.45), psychological distress (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.44-1.80), mental illness (OR 2.09, 95% CI 1.75-2.49), and posttraumatic stress disorder (OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.97-3.65).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study replicated previous reported associations between pRBD and smoking, low education, and male sex and found previously unreported links with alcohol use and psychological distress. Risk factors for pRBD differ from those previously defined for neurodegenerative synucleinopathies.

PMID:
30587514
PMCID:
PMC6369902
[Available on 2020-01-29]
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0000000000006849

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