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Microbiome. 2019 Aug 21;7(1):115. doi: 10.1186/s40168-019-0726-2.

The occurrence of Listeria monocytogenes is associated with built environment microbiota in three tree fruit processing facilities.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.
2
Microbiome Center, Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.
3
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD, 20740, USA.
4
Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA. jzk303@psu.edu.
5
Microbiome Center, Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA. jzk303@psu.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Multistate foodborne disease outbreaks and recalls of apples and apple products contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes demonstrate the need for improved pathogen control in the apple supply chain. Apple processing facilities have been identified in the past as potential sources of persisting L. monocytogenes contamination. In this study, we sought to understand the composition of microbiota in built apple and other tree fruit processing environments and its association with the occurrence of the foodborne pathogen L. monocytogenes.

RESULTS:

Analysis of 117 samples collected from three apple and other tree fruit packing facilities (F1, F2, and F3) showed that facility F2 had a significantly higher L. monocytogenes occurrence compared to F1 and F3 (p < 0.01). The microbiota in facility F2 was distinct compared to facilities F1 and F3 as supported by the mean Shannon index for bacterial and fungal alpha diversities that was significantly lower in F2, compared to F1 and F3 (p < 0.01). Microbiota in F2 was uniquely predominated by bacterial family Pseudomonadaceae and fungal family Dipodascaceae.

CONCLUSIONS:

The composition and diversity of microbiota and mycobiota present in the investigated built food processing environments may be indicative of persistent contamination with L. monocytogenes. These findings support the need for further investigation of the role of the microbial communities in the persistence of L. monocytogenes to support the optimization of L. monocytogenes control strategies in the apple supply chain.

KEYWORDS:

Built food processing environment; Fruit; Listeria monocytogenes; Microbiota; Mycobiota

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