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Psychol Sci. 2019 Mar;30(3):455-466. doi: 10.1177/0956797618823670. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Subtle Linguistic Cues Increase Girls' Engagement in Science.

Author information

1
1 Department of Psychology, New York University.
2
2 Department of Philosophy, Princeton University.

Abstract

The roots of gender disparities in science achievement take hold in early childhood. The present studies aimed to identify a modifiable feature of young children's environments that could be targeted to reduce gender differences in science behavior among young children. Four experimental studies with children ( N = 501) revealed that describing science in terms of actions ("Let's do science! Doing science means exploring the world!") instead of identities ("Let's be scientists! Scientists explore the world!") increased girls' subsequent persistence in new science games designed to illustrate the scientific method. These studies thus identified subtle but powerful linguistic cues that could be targeted to help reduce gender disparities in science engagement in early childhood.

KEYWORDS:

cognitive development; language; open data; open materials; science education; sex; social cognition

PMID:
30721119
PMCID:
PMC6419261
[Available on 2020-02-05]
DOI:
10.1177/0956797618823670

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