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J Child Neurol. 2019 Jun;34(7):382-386. doi: 10.1177/0883073819834428. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

When an Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder Resolves, What Remains?

Author information

1
1 Department of Pediatrics, Rose F. Kennedy Center Children's Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore, Bronx, NY, USA.
2
2 Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, USA.
3
3 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

A chart review was performed of 38 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by 3 years of age at an inner-city developmental program who subsequently experienced resolution of ASD symptomatology and no longer met diagnostic criteria for ASD at follow-up an average of 4 years later. Demographic, developmental/cognitive data, Childhood Autism Rating Scale, and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule data as available were reviewed from the initial diagnostic evaluation and at the time of follow-up. Services received by the children between the time of diagnosis and follow-up, educational setting at the time of follow-up, and emotional/behavioral and learning diagnoses made by the multidisciplinary team at follow-up were reviewed. The findings indicate that residual emotional/behavioral and learning problems were present at follow-up in the vast majority of children in this group and that the majority continued to require educational support.

KEYWORDS:

autism recovery; optimal outcomes; residual effects

PMID:
30860939
DOI:
10.1177/0883073819834428

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