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Science. 2019 Apr 26;364(6438):395-399. doi: 10.1126/science.aav9739. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

PAC, an evolutionarily conserved membrane protein, is a proton-activated chloride channel.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
2
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
3
Department of Pathology, Brain Science Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
4
Department of Physiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. zhaozhu@jhmi.edu.
5
Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

Severe local acidosis causes tissue damage and pain, and is one of the hallmarks of many diseases including ischemia, cancer, and inflammation. However, the molecular mechanisms of the cellular response to acid are not fully understood. We performed an unbiased RNA interference screen and identified PAC (TMEM206) as being essential for the widely observed proton-activated Cl- (PAC) currents (I Cl,H). Overexpression of human PAC in PAC knockout cells generated I Cl,H with the same characteristics as the endogenous ones. Zebrafish PAC encodes a PAC channel with distinct properties. Knockout of mouse Pac abolished I Cl,H in neurons and attenuated brain damage after ischemic stroke. The wide expression of PAC suggests a broad role for this conserved Cl- channel family in physiological and pathological processes associated with acidic pH.

PMID:
31023925
DOI:
10.1126/science.aav9739

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