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Science. 2018 May 4;360(6388):548-552. doi: 10.1126/science.aar8380. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Pleistocene North African genomes link Near Eastern and sub-Saharan African human populations.

Author information

1
Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History (MPI-SHH), Jena, Kahlaische Strasse 10, D-07745, Germany.
2
Origin and Evolution of Homo sapiens in Morocco Research Group, Institut National des Sciences de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine, Hay Riad, Madinat Al Irfane, Angle rues 5 et 7, Rabat-Instituts, 10 000 Rabat, Morocco. krause@shh.mpg.de jeong@shh.mpg.de bouzouggar@eva.mpg.de.
3
Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI-EVA), Leipzig, Deutscher Platz 6, D-04103, Germany.
4
Department of Earth Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK.
5
Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford, 36 Beaumont Street, Oxford OX1 2PG, UK.
6
Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI-EVA), Leipzig, Deutscher Platz 6, D-04103, Germany.
7
Faculté des Sciences, Campus d'Al Qods, Université Mohammed Premier, B.P. 717 Oujda, Morocco.
8
Origin and Evolution of Homo sapiens in Morocco Research Group, Institut National des Sciences de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine, Hay Riad, Madinat Al Irfane, Angle rues 5 et 7, Rabat-Instituts, 10 000 Rabat, Morocco.
9
Mohammed V University, Avenue Ibn Batouta, Rabat, Morocco.
10
Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History (MPI-SHH), Jena, Kahlaische Strasse 10, D-07745, Germany. krause@shh.mpg.de jeong@shh.mpg.de bouzouggar@eva.mpg.de.

Abstract

North Africa is a key region for understanding human history, but the genetic history of its people is largely unknown. We present genomic data from seven 15,000-year-old modern humans, attributed to the Iberomaurusian culture, from Morocco. We find a genetic affinity with early Holocene Near Easterners, best represented by Levantine Natufians, suggesting a pre-agricultural connection between Africa and the Near East. We do not find evidence for gene flow from Paleolithic Europeans to Late Pleistocene North Africans. The Taforalt individuals derive one-third of their ancestry from sub-Saharan Africans, best approximated by a mixture of genetic components preserved in present-day West and East Africans. Thus, we provide direct evidence for genetic interactions between modern humans across Africa and Eurasia in the Pleistocene.

PMID:
29545507
DOI:
10.1126/science.aar8380
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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