Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Sch Health. 2018 Mar;88(3):246-252. doi: 10.1111/josh.12602.

Longitudinal Examination of Aggression and Study Skills From Middle to High School: Implications for Dropout Prevention.

Author information

1
Department of Health Promotion and Behavior, Wright Hall-Health Sciences Campus, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.
2
Safe and Welcoming Schools, College of Education, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.
3
Center for Clinical and Outcomes Research, Kaiser Permanente Georgia, 3495 Piedmont Road, NE, Atlanta, GA 30305.
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, TX 79106.
5
College of Education, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High school completion provides health and economic benefits. The purpose of this study is to describe dropout rates based on longitudinal trajectories of aggression and study skills using teacher ratings.

METHODS:

The sample consisted of 620 randomly selected sixth graders. Every year from Grade 6 to 12, a teacher completed a nationally normed behavioral rating scale. We used latent class mixture modeling to identify the trajectories.

RESULTS:

Participants followed 3 trajectories of aggression (Low, Medium Desisting, and High Desisting) and 5 trajectories of study skills (Low, Average-Low, Decreasing, Increasing, and High). Over three-quarters of the sample were in stable trajectories of study skills over time. Most students in the High Desisting Aggression group were in the Low Study Skills group, and all students in the High Study Skills group were in the Low Aggression group. The overall dropout rate was 17%, but varied dramatically across combined aggression and study skills groups, ranging from 2% to 50%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results highlight the importance of early prevention that combines academic enhancement and behavioral management for reducing school dropout.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; aggression; dropout; study skills; teacher ratings

PMID:
29399843
DOI:
10.1111/josh.12602

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center