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Innovations (Phila). 2018 Sep/Oct;13(5):372-377. doi: 10.1097/IMI.0000000000000531.

Using the Hybrid Operating Room in Thoracic Surgery: A Paradigm Shift.

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From the Departments of Surgery and.
Medicine, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, GA USA.
Philips, Best, The Netherlands.


We describe the integration of the hybrid operation room cone-beam computed tomography (CT) scan technology into the practice of general thoracic surgery. The combination of the following three techniques: (1) cone-beam CT scan augmented navigational bronchoscopy, (2) cone-beam CT-guided percutaneous biopsy and/or fiducial placement, and (3) fiducial or image-guided video-assisted thoracic surgery resection, into a single-stage, single-provider procedure allows for diagnosis and treatment in one setting. Rapid on-site evaluation of cytological or pathology specimens is key to this "all-in-one" approach. The time from diagnosis to curative treatment can significantly be reduced using the hybrid operation room technology, leading to decreased upstaging, increased survival and facilitating the otherwise difficult intraoperative detection and resection of small and deeper lesions. Not only does this benefit the overall thoracic healthcare of the community but also provides a cost-effective paradigm for the institution.

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