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J Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 16. pii: jiz110. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiz110. [Epub ahead of print]

Thrombocyte inhibition restores protective immunity to mycobacterial infection in zebrafish.

Author information

1
Tuberculosis Research Program Centenary Institute, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.
2
The University of Sydney, Central Clinical School and Marie Bashir Institute, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.
3
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.
4
Department of Pediatrics and Cellular and Molecular Biology Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Infection-induced thrombocytosis is a clinically important complication of tuberculosis infection. Recent studies have highlighted the utility of aspirin as a host-directed therapy modulating the inflammatory response to infection, but have not investigated the possibility that the effect of aspirin is related to an anti-platelet mode of action.

METHODS:

Here we utilise the zebrafish-Mycobacterium marinum model to show mycobacteria drive host haemostasis through the formation of granulomas. Treatment of infected zebrafish with aspirin markedly reduced mycobacterial burden. This effect is reproduced by treatment with platelet-specific glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors demonstrating a detrimental role for infection-induced thrombocyte activation.

RESULTS:

We find that the reduction in mycobacterial burden is dependent on macrophages and granuloma formation providing the first in vivo experimental evidence that infection-induced platelet activation compromises protective host immunity to mycobacterial infection.

CONCLUSION:

Our study illuminates platelet activation as an efficacious target of aspirin, a widely available and affordable host-directed therapy candidate for tuberculosis.

KEYWORDS:

Mycobacterial infection; clotting; hemostasis; innate immunity

PMID:
30877311
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jiz110

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