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J Neurotrauma. 2019 Jun 6. doi: 10.1089/neu.2018.5918. [Epub ahead of print]

Low-Field Magnetic Stimulation Restores Cognitive and Motor Functions in the Mouse Model of Repeated Traumatic Brain Injury: Role of Cellular Prion Protein.

Author information

1
1 Department of Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
2
2 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)/concussion is a growing epidemic throughout the world. Memory and neurobehavioral dysfunctions are among the sequelae of TBI. Dislodgement of cellular prion protein (PrPc) and disruption of circadian rhythm have been linked to TBI. Low-field magnetic stimulation (LFMS) is a new noninvasive repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) technique that generates diffused and low-intensity magnetic stimulation to deep cortical and subcortical areas. The role of LFMS on PrPc, proteins related to the circadian rhythm, and behavior alterations in a repeated TBI mouse model were studied in the present study. TBI was induced to the mice (right hemisphere) using weight-drop method, once daily for 3 days. LFMS treatment was given for 20 min once daily for 4 days (immediately after each TBI induction). The results showed that LFMS-treated TBI mice significantly improved cognitive and motor function as evidenced by open field exploration, rotarod, and novel location recognition tasks. In addition, a significant increase in PrPc and decreased glial fibrillary acidic protein levels were observed in cortical and hippocampal regions of LFMS-treated TBI mice brain compared with sham-treated TBI mice, while neuronal nuclei level was significantly increased in cortical region. In LFMS-treated mice, a decrease in proteins related to circadian rhythm were observed, compared with sham-treated TBI mice. The results obtained from the study demonstrated the neuroprotective effect of LFMS, which may be through regulating PrPc and/or proteins related to circadian rhythm. Thus, the present study suggests that LFMS may improve the subject's neurological condition following TBI.

KEYWORDS:

cellular prion protein; circadian rhythm proteins; low-field magnetic stimulation; motor and cognitive functions; repeated traumatic brain injury

PMID:
31020907
DOI:
10.1089/neu.2018.5918

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