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Sci Rep. 2018 May 1;8(1):6795. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25009-3.

Effective in vivo treatment of acute lung injury with helical, amphipathic peptoid mimics of pulmonary surfactant proteins.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA.
2
Lawson Health Research Institute, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA.
4
Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.
5
Lawson Health Research Institute, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. rveldhui@uwo.ca.
6
Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. aebarron@stanford.edu.

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) leads to progressive loss of breathing capacity and hypoxemia, as well as pulmonary surfactant dysfunction. ALI's pathogenesis and management are complex, and it is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Exogenous surfactant therapy, even for research purposes, is impractical for adults because of the high cost of current surfactant preparations. Prior in vitro work has shown that poly-N-substituted glycines (peptoids), in a biomimetic lipid mixture, emulate key biophysical activities of lung surfactant proteins B and C at the air-water interface. Here we report good in vivo efficacy of a peptoid-based surfactant, compared with extracted animal surfactant and a synthetic lipid formulation, in a rat model of lavage-induced ALI. Adult rats were subjected to whole-lung lavage followed by administration of surfactant formulations and monitoring of outcomes. Treatment with a surfactant protein C mimic formulation improved blood oxygenation, blood pH, shunt fraction, and peak inspiratory pressure to a greater degree than surfactant protein B mimic or combined formulations. All peptoid-enhanced treatment groups showed improved outcomes compared to synthetic lipids alone, and some formulations improved outcomes to a similar extent as animal-derived surfactant. Robust biophysical mimics of natural surfactant proteins may enable new medical research in ALI treatment.

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