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Body Image. 2019 Mar;28:44-52. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.003. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Exposure to body focused and non-body focused others over a week: A preliminary investigation of their unique contributions to college women's eating and body image.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address: k24mille@uwaterloo.ca.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Abstract

This study investigated how exposure to non-body focused others (i.e., those who are not preoccupied with their body weight/shape or appearance) and exposure to body focused others uniquely affect young women's eating and body image over a week, within a day, and from one day to the next. For seven consecutive days, 92 female college students completed nightly online questionnaires about their daily experiences. Between-persons, multilevel modelling revealed that higher average levels of exposure to non-body focused others over the week uniquely predicted greater intuitive eating, greater body appreciation, and less dietary restraint, whereas higher average exposure to body focused others predicted these outcomes in the opposite direction. Within-persons, exposure to body focused others did not predict eating and body image, but exposure to non-body focused others did. On days when women had more exposure to non-body focused others than their personal average level or than the previous day's level, eating and body image were better. These findings are the first to suggest that independent of exposure to body focused others, level of exposure to non-body focused others - within and across days - contribute positively to eating and body image.

KEYWORDS:

Body appreciation; Body image; Daily diary methodology; Dietary restraint; Intuitive eating; Multilevel modeling; Social interactions

PMID:
30580168
DOI:
10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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