Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Can J Cardiol. 2017 Oct;33(10):1298-1304. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2017.06.008. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Score of Adherence to 2016 European Cardiovascular Prevention Guidelines Predicts Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality in the General Population.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Health Economics and Public Health, UMR1027 INSERM- Toulouse University, Toulouse University Hospital (CHU), Toulouse, France.
2
Department of Public Health, Strasbourg University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.
3
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, INSERM UMR744, Pasteur Institute of Lille, Lille Nord de France University - UDSL, Lille, France.
4
Department of Epidemiology, Health Economics and Public Health, UMR1027 INSERM- Toulouse University, Toulouse University Hospital (CHU), Toulouse, France; Department of Cardiology B, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France. Electronic address: jean.ferrieres@univ-tlse3.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Guidelines on cardiovascular (CV) disease prevention promote healthy lifestyle behaviours and CV risk factor control to reduce CV risk. The effect of adherence to these guidelines on CV and all-cause mortality is not well known.

METHODS:

We assessed the effect of baseline adherence to "2016 European Guidelines on CV Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice" on long-term CV and all-cause mortality in a sample recruited from the French general population. Analysis was on the basis of the Third French Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (MONICA) population-based survey (recruitment period: 1994-1997). We built an adherence score to European guidelines, considering adherence to recommendations for smoking, drinking, physical activity, body mass index, blood pressure, low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, and diet at baseline. Vital status was obtained 18 years after inclusion. Statistical analysis was on the basis of multivariate Cox modelling.

RESULTS:

Adherence score was assessed in 1311 apparently healthy participants aged 35-64 years (73% men). During the follow-up, 186 deaths occurred (41 were due to a CV cause). Considering CV mortality, the adjusted hazard ratio for subjects in the fourth quartile of the adherence score (worse adherence) was 3.12 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.62-6.01; P = 0.001), compared with subjects in the first, second, or third quartile (best adherence). Considering all-cause mortality, the adjusted hazard ratio for subjects in the fourth quartile of the adherence score was 2.27 (95% CI, 1.68-3.06; P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Better baseline adherence to European guidelines on CV disease prevention was associated with a significantly reduced long-term CV and all-cause mortality in a sample from the French general population.

PMID:
28866076
DOI:
10.1016/j.cjca.2017.06.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center