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Methods Mol Biol. 2014;1110:103-24. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-9408-9_5.

Flower development: open questions and future directions.

Author information

1
Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, wellmerf@tcd.ie.

Abstract

Almost three decades of genetic and molecular analyses have resulted in detailed insights into many of the processes that take place during flower development and in the identification of a large number of key regulatory genes that control these processes. Despite this impressive progress, many questions about how flower development is controlled in different angiosperm species remain unanswered. In this chapter, we discuss some of these open questions and the experimental strategies with which they could be addressed. Specifically, we focus on the areas of floral meristem development and patterning, floral organ specification and differentiation, as well as on the molecular mechanisms underlying the evolutionary changes that have led to the astounding variations in flower size and architecture among extant and extinct angiosperms.

PMID:
24395254
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-4614-9408-9_5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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