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Int J Biochem. 1990;22(5):471-5.

Regulation of coenzyme utilization by mitochondrial NAD(P)-dependent malic enzyme.

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GdaƄsk University Biological Station, Poland.


1. Skeletal muscle mitochondrial NAD(P)-dependent malic enzyme [EC 1.1.1. 39, L-malate:NAD+ oxidoreductase (decarboxylating)] from herring could use both coenzymes, NAD and NADP, in a similar manner. 2. The coenzyme preference of mitochondrial NAD(P)-dependent malic enzyme was probed using dual wavelength spectroscopy and pairing the natural coenzymes, NAD or NADP with their respective thionicotinamide analogues, s-NADP or s-NAD, that have absorbance maxima in reduced forms at 400 nm. 3. s-NAD and s-NADP were found to be good alternate substrates for NAD(P)-dependent malic enzyme, the apparent Km values for the thioderivatives were similar to those of the corresponding natural coenzymes. 4. ATP produced greater inhibition of the NAD or s-NAD linked reactions than of the NADP or s-NADP-linked reactions of skeletal muscle mitochondrial NAD(P)-dependent malic enzyme. 5. At 5 mM malate concentration and in the presence of 2 mM ATP the NADP-linked reaction is favoured and the activity ratios, V(s-NADP)/V(NAD) or V(NADP)/V(s-NAD), are 6 and 26, respectively.

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