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Protein phosphatase type-1 from skeletal muscle of the freeze-tolerant wood frog.

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Institute of Biochemistry and Department of Biology, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6, Canada.


We evaluated the effects of freezing, dehydration and anoxia stresses on muscle PP-1 activity in the freeze-tolerant amphibian, Rana sylvatica. In addition, PP-1 catalytic subunit (PP-1c) was purified to homogeneity to assess the biochemical properties of the enzyme from a freeze-tolerant vertebrate. Freezing stimulated a rise in the amount of active PP-1 (70% above the control) at 20 min post-nucleation. With longer freezing (1-12 h), the amount of active enzyme returned to control levels, and the amount of total PP-1 fell, decreasing by up to 43%. This decline in total PP-1 kept the % active at a high value throughout the freeze. Anoxia exposure (12 h) reduced the active PP-1 by 60%, but had no effect on total PP-1 activity. Neither dehydration nor rehydration had any significant effect on the amounts of either total or active PP-1. PP-1 activity associated with the myofibril fraction increased, while activity associated with the glycogen pellet decreased in response to freezing and dehydration, but not anoxia. Purified frog PP-1c showed a variety of properties that are typical of the enzyme from other sources. In addition, the enzyme was strongly inhibited by AMP and weakly by ADP and ATP; the physiological relevance of inhibition by nucleotides remains to be determined. Overall, the results suggest an important role for PP-1 in signal transduction in the skeletal muscle of freeze-tolerant amphibians.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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