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Transplant Proc. 2018 Jun;50(5):1243-1248. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.02.060.

Effect of Sirolimus on Native Total Kidney Volume After Transplantation in Patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study.

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Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.
Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado. Electronic address:



The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway has been shown to be central to cyst formation and growth in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Drugs that suppress mTOR signaling are frequently used as antiproliferative agents for maintenance immunosuppression in patients who have undergone kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sirolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, on cyst volume regression in patients with ADPKD who have undergone renal transplantation.


In this single-center, prospective, open-label, parallel-group, randomized trial, 23 adult patients with ADPKD who successfully underwent renal transplantation from 2008 to 2012 were subsequently randomized (on a 1:1 basis) to a maintenance immunosuppression regimen with either sirolimus (sirolimus, tacrolimus, prednisone) or mycophenolate (mycophenolate, tacrolimus, prednisone). Total kidney volumes were measured by means of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging within 2 weeks after transplantation and at 1 year. The primary end point was change in total kidney volume at 1 year.


Sixteen patients completed the 1-year study (8 patients in each group). There was a decrease in kidney volume in both the sirolimus group (percentage change from baseline, 20.5%; P < .001) and mycophenolate group (percentage change from baseline, 17%; P = .048), but there was no significant difference in percentage change of total kidney volume between the groups (P = .665).


In ADPKD patients at 1 year after kidney transplantation, there was a similar decrease in polycystic kidney volume in patients receiving an immunosuppression regimen containing sirolimus compared with patients receiving mycophenolate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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