Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Nephrol. 2016;44(3):171-8. doi: 10.1159/000448695. Epub 2016 Aug 23.

Long-Term Outcomes in Patients with Very-Early Onset Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease.

Author information

Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colo., USA.



Long-term clinical outcomes in children with very-early onset (VEO; diagnosis in utero or within the first 18 months of life) autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) are currently not well understood. We conducted a longitudinal retrospective cohort study to assess the association between VEO status and adverse clinical outcomes.


Seventy patients with VEO-ADPKD matched (by year of birth, sex and race/ethnicity) to 70 patients with non-VEO-ADPKD who participated in research at the University of Colorado were studied. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. The predictor was VEO status, and outcomes were progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), development of hypertension, progression to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR <90 ml/min/1.73 m2), glomerular hyperfiltration (eGFR ≥140 ml/min/1.73 m2) and height-adjusted total kidney volume (htTKV) measured by MRI ≥600 ml/m.


Median follow-up was until 16.0 years of age. There were only 4 ESRD events during the follow-up period, all in the VEO group (p < 0.05). VEO patients were more likely to develop hypertension (hazard ratio, HR 3.15, 95% CI 1.86-5.34; p < 0.0001) and to progress to eGFR <90 ml/min/1.73 m2 (HR 1.97, 95% CI 1.01-3.84; p < 0.05) than non-VEO patients. There was no difference between groups in the development of glomerular hyperfiltration (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.56-1.42; p = 0.62). There were only 7 patients who progressed to htTKV ≥600 ml/m, 4 in the VEO group and 3 in the non-VEO group (p < 0.01).


Several clinical outcomes are worse in patients with VEO-ADPKD compared to non-VEO ADPKD. Children with VEO-ADPKD represent a particularly high-risk group of ADPKD patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

Berenice Gitomer and Michel Chonchol have received research funding from Otsuka, which did not support the current study.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland Icon for PubMed Central Icon for University of Colorado, Strauss Health Sciences Library
Loading ...
Support Center