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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2008 Dec;295(6):L1056-65. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.90329.2008. Epub 2008 Oct 10.

Soluble guanylyl cyclase contributes to ventilator-induced lung injury in mice.

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Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA.


High tidal volume (HV(T)) ventilation causes pulmonary endothelial barrier dysfunction. HV(T) ventilation also increases lung nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP. NO contributes to HV(T) lung injury, but the role of cGMP is unknown. In the current study, ventilation of isolated C57BL/6 mouse lungs increased perfusate cGMP as a function of V(T). Ventilation with 20 ml/kg V(T) for 80 min increased the filtration coefficient (K(f)), an index of vascular permeability. The increased cGMP and K(f) caused by HV(T) were attenuated by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition and in lungs from endothelial NOS knockout mice. Inhibition of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) in wild-type lungs (10 muM ODQ) also blocked cGMP generation and inhibited the increase in K(f), suggesting an injurious role for sGC-derived cGMP. sGC inhibition also attenuated lung Evans blue dye albumin extravasation and wet-to-dry weight ratio in an anesthetized mouse model of HV(T) injury. Additional activation of sGC (1.5 muM BAY 41-2272) in isolated lungs at 40 min increased cGMP production and K(f) in lungs ventilated with 15 ml/kg V(T). HV(T) endothelial barrier dysfunction was attenuated with a nonspecific phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor (100 muM IBMX) as well as an inhibitor (10 muM BAY 60-7550) specific for the cGMP-stimulated PDE2A. Concordantly, we found a V(T)-dependent increase in lung cAMP hydrolytic activity and PDE2A protein expression with a decrease in lung cAMP concentration that was blocked by BAY 60-7550. We conclude that HV(T)-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction resulted from a simultaneous increase in NO/sGC-derived cGMP and PDE2A expression causing decreased cAMP.

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