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Clin Cardiol. 2007 Apr;30(4):195-9.

Cardiac manifestations of parasitic infections part 1: overview and immunopathogenesis.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


Parasitic infections produce a wide spectrum of cardiac manifestations. They may involve various anatomic structures of the heart and are manifested clinically as myocarditis, cardiomyopathies, pericarditis, or pulmonary hypertension in many resource-constrained settings. However, many parasitic infections involving the heart may also be currently diagnosed in developed countries due to growing worldwide travel, blood transfusions, and increasing numbers of immunosuppression states such as organ transplantation, use of immunosuppressive agents, or HIV/AIDS. Clinicians anywhere in the globe need to be aware of the potential cardiac manifestations of parasitic diseases. This is part one of a three-part series discussing parasites of the heart. In this section, we provide a general overview and immunopathogenesis of parasitic infections of the heart.

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