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Microbiology. 1999 Jun;145 ( Pt 6):1381-8.

The prpE gene of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 encodes propionyl-CoA synthetase.

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Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 53706-1567, USA.


Biochemical and genetic evidence is presented to demonstrate that the prpE gene of Salmonella typhimurium encodes propionyl-CoA synthetase, an enzyme required for the catabolism of propionate in this bacterium. While prpE mutants used propionate as carbon and energy source, prpE mutants that lacked acetyl-CoA synthetase (encoded by acs) did not, indicating that Acs can compensate for the lack of PrpE in prpE mutants. Cell-free extracts enriched for PrpE catalysed the formation of propionyl-CoA in a propionate-, ATP-, Mg2+- and HS-CoA dependent manner. Acetate substituted for propionate in the reaction at 48% the rate of propionate; butyrate was not a substrate for PrpE. The propionyl-CoA synthetase activity of PrpE was specific for ATP. GTP, ITP, CTP and TTP were not used as substrates by the enzyme. UV-visible spectrophotometry, HPLC and MS data demonstrated that propionyl-CoA was the product of the reaction catalysed by PrpE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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