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PLoS One. 2015 Oct 23;10(10):e0141203. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0141203. eCollection 2015.

Effects of Forest Gaps on Soil Properties in Castanopsis kawakamii Nature Forest.

Author information

1
College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China; Department of Mathematics, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States of America.
2
College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
3
Department of Mathematics, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States of America.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of forest gaps on the variations of soil properties in Castanopsis kawakamii natural forest. Soil physical and chemical properties in various sizes and development stages were studied in C. kawakamii natural forest gaps. The results showed that forest gaps in various sizes and development stages could improve soil pore space structure and water characteristics, which may effectively promote the water absorbing capacity for plant root growth and play an important role in forest regeneration. Soil pore space structure and water characteristics in small gaps showed more obvious improvements, followed by the medium and large gaps. Soil pore space structure and water characteristics in the later development stage of forest gaps demonstrated more obvious improvements, followed by the early and medium development stages. The contents of hydrolysable N and available K in various sizes and development stages of forest gaps were higher than those of non-gaps, whereas the contents of total N, total P, available P, organic matter, and organic carbon were lower. The contents of total N, hydrolysable N, available K, organic matter, and organic carbon in medium gaps were higher than those of large and small gaps. The disturbance of forest gaps could improve the soils' physical and chemical properties and increase the population species' richness, which would provide an ecological basis for the species coexistence in C. kawakamii natural forest.

PMID:
26496710
PMCID:
PMC4619712
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0141203
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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