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Materials (Basel). 2018 Jul 31;11(8). pii: E1323. doi: 10.3390/ma11081323.

Mechanical Milling-Assisted Spark Plasma Sintering of Fine-Grained W-Ni-Mn Alloy.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of marine resource utilization in South China Sea, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China. yanlinpan2014@163.com.
2
State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China. yanlinpan2014@163.com.
3
State Key Laboratory of marine resource utilization in South China Sea, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China. dpxiang@hainu.edu.cn.
4
State Key Laboratory of marine resource utilization in South China Sea, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China. wangn02@foxmail.com.
5
State Key Laboratory of marine resource utilization in South China Sea, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China. lihui1285@126.com.
6
State Key Laboratory of marine resource utilization in South China Sea, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China. zsfan2018@163.com.

Abstract

Fine-grained W-6Ni-4Mn alloys were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) using mechanical milling W, Ni and Mn composite powders. The relative density of W-6Ni-4Mn alloy increases from 71.56% to 99.60% when it is sintered at a low temperature range of 1000⁻1200 °C for 3 min. The spark plasma sintering process of the alloy can be divided into three stages, which clarify the densification process of powder compacts. As the sintering temperature increases, the average W grain size increases but remains at less than 7 µm and the distribution of the binding phase is uniform. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation reveals that the W-6Ni-4Mn alloy consists of the tungsten phase and the γ-(Ni, Mn, W) binding phase. As the sintering temperature increases, the Rockwell hardness and bending strength of alloys initially increases and then decreases. The optimum comprehensive hardness and bending strength of the alloy are obtained at 1150 °C. The main fracture mode of the alloys is W/W interface fracture.

KEYWORDS:

W-6Ni-4Mn alloys; mechanical milling; mechanical property; spark plasma sintering; transmission electron microscopy

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