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Curr Microbiol. 2019 Jul;76(7):896-903. doi: 10.1007/s00284-019-01706-8. Epub 2019 May 21.

Adhesion and Colonization of the Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus Labeled by Dsred2 in Mouse Gut.

Author information

1
College of Food Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding, 071000, China.
2
New Hope Tensun (Hebei) Dairy Co., Ltd, Baoding, China.
3
College of Food Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding, 071000, China. tht631022@163.com.

Abstract

The health-promoting effects of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus are based on its adherence and colonization ability. However, little is known about its adhesion and colonization rates. Lactobacillus rhamnosus in mouse intestinal mucosa a mutant of the red fluorescence protein (RFP) DSred2 was used to tag L. rhamnosus to observe the adhesion and distribution of L. rhamnosus in mouse intestinal mucosa. A mutant of the red fluorescence protein (RFP) Dsred2 was used to tag L. rhamnosus to allow us to observe and distinguish it in the mouse intestine. Seven-week-old female BALB/c mice were fed once (at day 0) with an oral administration of the labeled L. rhamnosus, and the number of labeled bacteria was detected in different regions of the intestinal tract at 3 h and at day 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 15 after administration. The labeling process changed the morphology of L. rhamnosus, as it appeared after observation under the microscope, but did not change its basic probiotic properties in vitro. In vivo, labeled L. rhamnosus reached the colonization peak at the fourth day after gavage. From the distribution point of view, the number of colonization strains increased from the proximal to the distal small intestine (duodenum < jejunum < ileum) and the number of strains in the colon was less than the distal small intestine (ileum). The labeling protocol actually allowed the detection of the distribution and adhesion of this bacterium to the intestine, thus demonstrating that the health-promoting effects of this probiotic are satisfied. This study provides a scientific basis in the use of probiotics such as L. rhamnosus in functional foods.

PMID:
31115599
DOI:
10.1007/s00284-019-01706-8

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