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Materials (Basel). 2019 May 11;12(9). pii: E1547. doi: 10.3390/ma12091547.

Ethylene Glycol Dicyclopentenyl (Meth)Acrylate Homo and Block Copolymers via Nitroxide Mediated Polymerization.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Centre québécois sur les matériaux fonctionnels/Quebec Centre for Advanced Materials (CQMF/QCAM), Centre de recherche sur les systèmes polymères et composites à haute performance (CREPEC), McGill Institute of Advanced Materials (MIAM), McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0C5, Canada. alexandre.maupu@mail.mcgill.ca.
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Centre québécois sur les matériaux fonctionnels/Quebec Centre for Advanced Materials (CQMF/QCAM), Centre de recherche sur les systèmes polymères et composites à haute performance (CREPEC), McGill Institute of Advanced Materials (MIAM), McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0C5, Canada. yara.kanawati@mail.mcgill.ca.
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Centre québécois sur les matériaux fonctionnels/Quebec Centre for Advanced Materials (CQMF/QCAM), Centre de recherche sur les systèmes polymères et composites à haute performance (CREPEC), McGill Institute of Advanced Materials (MIAM), McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0C5, Canada. adrien.metafiot2@mcgill.ca.
4
Department of Chemical Engineering, Centre québécois sur les matériaux fonctionnels/Quebec Centre for Advanced Materials (CQMF/QCAM), Centre de recherche sur les systèmes polymères et composites à haute performance (CREPEC), McGill Institute of Advanced Materials (MIAM), McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0C5, Canada. milan.maric@mcgill.ca.

Abstract

Nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP), (homo and block copolymerization with styrene (S) and butyl methacrylate/S) of ethylene glycol dicyclopentenyl ether (meth)acrylates (EGDEA and EGDEMA) was studied using BlocBuilder alkoxyamines. EGDEA homopolymerization was not well-controlled, independent of temperature (90-120 °C), or additional free nitroxide (0-10 mol%) used. Number average molecular weights (Mn) achieved for poly(EGDEA) were 4.0-9.5 kg mol-1 and were accompanied by high dispersity (Ð = Mw/Mn = 1.62-2.09). Re-initiation and chain extension of the poly(EGDEA) chains with styrene (S) indicated some block copolymer formation, but a high fraction of chains were terminated irreversibly. EGDEA-stat-S statistical copolymerizations with a low mol fraction S in initial feed, fS,0 = 0.05, were slightly better controlled compared to poly(EGDEA) homopolymerizations (Ð was reduced to 1.44 compared to 1.62 at similar conditions). EGDEMA, in contrast, was successfully polymerized using a small fraction of S (fS,0 ~ 10 mol%) to high conversion (72%) to form well-defined EGDEMA-rich random copolymer (molar composition = FEGDEMA = 0.87) of Mn = 14.3 kg mol-1 and Ð = 1.38. EGDEMA-rich compositions were also polymerized with the unimolecular succinimidyl ester form of BlocBuilder initiator, NHS-BlocBuilder with similar results, although Ðs were higher ~1.6. Chain extensions resulted in monomodal shifts to higher molecular weights, indicating good chain end fidelity.

KEYWORDS:

block copolymers; copolymerization; nitroxide mediated polymerization

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