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Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2018 Nov;12(6):1057-1063. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2018.06.025. Epub 2018 Jul 8.

Diabetes knowledge, attitude, and practice among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Kuala Muda District, Malaysia - A cross-sectional study.

Author information

1
Master of Clinical Pharmacy candidate, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Kedah, Malaysia.
2
Clinical Pharmacy Unit, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Kedah, Malaysia.
3
Clinical Pharmacy Unit, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Kedah, Malaysia. Electronic address: ganeshhhh1@gmail.com.
4
Pharmacy Division, Ministry of Health, Malaysia.

Abstract

Diabetes is among leading public health concerns in Malaysia due to premature and preventable mortality involving macro and microvascular complications. Diabetes knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) are vital in diabetes management. The present study assessed the level of diabetes KAP among type 2 diabetes patients with associated and correlated factors through a self-administered questionnaire-based study on a convenience sample of 386 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Kuala Muda District, Kedah, Malaysia. Majority of the respondents possessed levels above the cut-off points for poor levels in knowledge (63.21%), attitude (62.69%), and practices (58.03%). Age, academic qualification, occupation, monthly income, current therapy type, comorbid diseases, and therapy preference were associated with KAP whereas the associations of disease duration, the best source of information about diabetes, and health status satisfaction were witnessed for attitude and practice. Academic qualification had strongest correlation for knowledge (r = 0.785), attitude (r = 0.725), and practice (r = 0.709). Knowledge level was significantly correlated with attitude level (r = 0.735), practice level (r = 0.786), income (r = 0.556), occupation (r = 0.358), age (r = 0.173), current therapy type (r = 0.133), and diabetes education exposure (r = 0.113). Attitude level had significant correlations with practice level (r = 0.679), income (r = 0.357), occupation (r = 0.348), health status satisfaction (r = 0.147), age (r = 0.145), and gender (r = 0.109). Practice level correlated significantly with income (r = 0.448), occupation (r = 0.317), age (r = 0.173), health status satisfaction (r = 0.167), and current therapy type (r = 0.118). All associations and correlations were significant at P < 0.005. Although overall having good levels of diabetes KAP, educational interventions are required to further improve diabetes KAP.

KEYWORDS:

Attitude; Kedah; Knowledge; Kuala muda District; Malaysia; Practice; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

PMID:
30017505
DOI:
10.1016/j.dsx.2018.06.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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