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World J Gastroenterol. 2016 Apr 14;22(14):3821-8. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i14.3821.

Early enteral nutrition vs parenteral nutrition following pancreaticoduodenectomy: Experience from a single center.

Author information

1
Jian-Wen Lu, Chang Liu, Zhao-Qing Du, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Institute of Advanced Surgical Technology and Engineering, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To analyze and compare postoperative morbidity between patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and early enteral nutrition supplemented with parenteral nutrition (EEN + PN).

METHODS:

Three hundred and forty patients receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) from 2009 to 2013 at our center were enrolled retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups depending on postoperative nutrition support scheme: an EEN + PN group (n = 87) and a TPN group (n = 253). Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, preoperative biochemical parameters, pathological diagnosis, intraoperative information, and postoperative complications of the two groups were analyzed.

RESULTS:

The two groups did not differ in demographic characteristics, preoperative comorbidities, preoperative biochemical parameters or pathological findings (P > 0.05 for all). However, patients with EEN + PN following PD had a higher incidence of delayed gastric emptying (16.1% vs 6.7%, P = 0.016), pulmonary infection (10.3% vs 3.6%, P = 0.024), and probably intraperitoneal infection (18.4% vs 10.3%, P = 0.059), which might account for their longer nasogastric tube retention time (9 d vs 5 d, P = 0.006), postoperative hospital stay (25 d vs 20 d, P = 0.055) and higher hospitalization expenses (USD10397 vs USD8663.9, P = 0.008), compared to those with TPN.

CONCLUSION:

Our study suggests that TPN might be safe and sufficient for patient recovery after PD. Postoperative EEN should only be performed scrupulously and selectively.

KEYWORDS:

Delayed gastric emptying; Enteral nutrition; Pancreaticoduodenectomy; Parenteral nutrition; Postoperative complications

PMID:
27076767
PMCID:
PMC4814745
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v22.i14.3821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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