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Ultrason Sonochem. 2018 Nov;48:418-423. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2018.06.009. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Novel synthesis of Pd-CeMnO3 perovskite based on unique ultrasonic intervention from combination of Sol-Gel and impregnation method for low temperature efficient oxidation of benzene vapour.

Author information

1
Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, PR China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Resource-oriented Treatment of Industrial Pollutants, Beijing 100083, PR China.
2
Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, PR China.
3
Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, PR China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Resource-oriented Treatment of Industrial Pollutants, Beijing 100083, PR China. Electronic address: txiaolong@126.com.

Abstract

The 0.5 wt% Pd-CeMnO3 was prepared by ultrasonic intervention combination of Sol-Gel and PVA-protected N2 bubbling NaBH4 reduction impregnation method, then it was used for the catalytic oxidation of benzene vapour at low temperatures. By analyzing the removal and mineralization rate at different temperatures, it was found that 50% of benzene was degraded in 145 °C, then 90% of benzene was degraded in 186 °C, 100% of mineralization rate was 220 °C. After ultrasonic treatment, 64% removal rate and 46% mineralization rate could be increased, it proved that ultrasonic treatment can improve the performance of catalyst significantly. According to XRD spectrum, ultrasonic intervention helped to stabilize the crystalline structure of perovskite. Further, SEM pictures intuitively proved that ultrasonic treatment contributes to the formation of surface pore structure of catalyst. Moreover, diagram of H2-TPR indicates that ultrasonic intervention makes the catalyst have more cryogenic activity sites for strong low temperature catalytic activities. All these reasons are assumed to be the factors that lead to superior performance of the catalyst.

KEYWORDS:

Benzene; CeMnO(3) perovskite; Low temperature oxidation; Pd; Ultrasonic intervention

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