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Materials (Basel). 2015 Jul 10;8(7):4239-4248. doi: 10.3390/ma8074239.

Preparation and Properties of (YCa)(TiMn)O3-d Ceramics Interconnect of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells.

Author information

1
Department of Electronic Engineering, Kun Shan University, No.195, Kunda Rd., Yongkang Dist., Tainan City 71070, Taiwan. ycliou@mail.ksu.edu.tw.
2
Nano Technology R&D Center, Kun Shan University, No.195, Kunda Rd., Yongkang Dist., Tainan City 71070, Taiwan. ycliou@mail.ksu.edu.tw.
3
Department of Electronic Engineering, Kun Shan University, No.195, Kunda Rd., Yongkang Dist., Tainan City 71070, Taiwan. wctsai@mail.ksu.edu.tw.
4
Nano Technology R&D Center, Kun Shan University, No.195, Kunda Rd., Yongkang Dist., Tainan City 71070, Taiwan. wctsai@mail.ksu.edu.tw.
5
Department of Electronic Engineering, Kun Shan University, No.195, Kunda Rd., Yongkang Dist., Tainan City 71070, Taiwan. s103001638@g.ksu.edu.tw.
6
Department of Electronic Engineering, Kun Shan University, No.195, Kunda Rd., Yongkang Dist., Tainan City 71070, Taiwan. a253591016@gmail.com.

Abstract

(YCa)(TiMn)O3-d ceramics prepared using a reaction-sintering process were investigated. Without any calcination involved, the mixture of raw materials was pressed and sintered directly. Y₂Ti₂O₇ instead of YTiO₃ formed when a mixture of Y₂O₃ and TiO₂ with Y/Ti ratio 1/1 were sintered in air. Y₂Ti₂O₇, YTiO2.085 and some unknown phases were detected in Y0.6Ca0.4Ti0.6Mn0.4O3-d. Monophasic Y0.6Ca0.4Ti0.4Mn0.6O3-d ceramics were obtained after 1400-1500 °C sintering. Dense Y0.6Ca0.4Ti0.4Mn0.6O3-d with a density 4.69 g/cm³ was observed after 1500 °C/4 h sintering. Log σ for Y0.6Ca0.4Ti0.6Mn0.4O3-d increased from -3.73 Scm-1 at 350 °C to -2.14 Scm-1 at 700 °C. Log σ for Y0.6Ca0.4Ti0.4Mn0.6O3-d increased from -2.1 Scm-1 at 350 °C to -1.36 Scm-1 at 700 °C. Increasing Mn content decreased activation energy Ea and increased electrical conductivity. Reaction-sintering process is proved to be a simple and effective method to obtain (YCa)(TiMn)O3-d ceramics for interconnects in solid oxide fuel cells.

KEYWORDS:

(YCa)(TiMn)O3−d; interconnect; solid oxide fuel cells

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