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Waste Manag. 2017 Dec;70:149-157. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2017.08.042. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

Fugitive halocarbon emissions from working face of municipal solid waste landfills in China.

Author information

1
School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084, China; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China.
2
School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084, China; Key Laboratory for Solid Waste Management and Environment Safety, Ministry of Education of China, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
3
School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084, China; Key Laboratory for Solid Waste Management and Environment Safety, Ministry of Education of China, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: ming.zhao@tsinghua.edu.cn.
4
School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084, China; Key Laboratory for Solid Waste Management and Environment Safety, Ministry of Education of China, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: htwang@tsinghua.edu.cn.

Abstract

Halocarbons are important anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHGs) due to their long lifetime and large characteristic factors. The present study for the first time assessed the global warming potential (GWP) of fugitive halocarbon emissions from the working face of landfills in China. The national emissions of five major halocarbons (CFC-11, CFC-113, CH2Cl2, CHCl3 and CCl4) from the working face of municipal solid waste landfills in China were provided through observation-based estimations. The fluxes of halocarbons from working face of landfills were observed much higher than covered cells in landfills hence representing the hot spots of landfill emissions. The annual emissions of the halocarbons from landfills in China were 0.02-15.6kt·y-1, and their GWPs were 128-60,948kt-CO2-eq·y-1 based on their characteristic factors on a 100-year horizon. CFC-113 was the dominant species owing to its highest releasing rate (i.e. 15.4±19.1g·t-1) and largest characteristic factor, resulting in a GWP up to 4036±4855kt-CO2-eq·y-1. The annual emissions of CFC-113 from landfills (i.e. 0.61kt·y-1) made up ∼76% of the total national CFC-113 emissions. The GWPs of halocarbons were estimated ∼14.4% of landfill methane emissions. Therefore, fugitive halocarbons emissions from working face are significant sources of GHGs in landfill sites in China, although they comprise a small fraction of total landfill gases.

KEYWORDS:

Emission rate; Global warming potential (GWP); Halocarbons; Landfill

PMID:
28917825
DOI:
10.1016/j.wasman.2017.08.042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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