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Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans and Viral Attachment: True Receptors or Adaptation Bias?

Cagno V, Tseligka ED, Jones ST, Tapparel C.

Viruses. 2019 Jul 1;11(7). pii: E596. doi: 10.3390/v11070596. Review.


Novel broad spectrum virucidal molecules against enveloped viruses.

Cagno V, Tintori C, Civra A, Cavalli R, Tiberi M, Botta L, Brai A, Poli G, Tapparel C, Lembo D, Botta M.

PLoS One. 2018 Dec 7;13(12):e0208333. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208333. eCollection 2018.


25-Hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol inhibit human rotavirus infection by sequestering viral particles into late endosomes.

Civra A, Francese R, Gamba P, Testa G, Cagno V, Poli G, Lembo D.

Redox Biol. 2018 Oct;19:318-330. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2018.09.003. Epub 2018 Sep 5.


A VP1 mutation acquired during an enterovirus 71 disseminated infection confers heparan sulfate binding ability and modulates ex vivo tropism.

Tseligka ED, Sobo K, Stoppini L, Cagno V, Abdul F, Piuz I, Meylan P, Huang S, Constant S, Tapparel C.

PLoS Pathog. 2018 Aug 3;14(8):e1007190. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007190. eCollection 2018 Aug.


Rhodanine derivatives as potent anti-HIV and anti-HSV microbicides.

Tintori C, Iovenitti G, Ceresola ER, Ferrarese R, Zamperini C, Brai A, Poli G, Dreassi E, Cagno V, Lembo D, Canducci F, Botta M.

PLoS One. 2018 Jun 5;13(6):e0198478. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198478. eCollection 2018.


Broad-spectrum non-toxic antiviral nanoparticles with a virucidal inhibition mechanism.

Cagno V, Andreozzi P, D'Alicarnasso M, Jacob Silva P, Mueller M, Galloux M, Le Goffic R, Jones ST, Vallino M, Hodek J, Weber J, Sen S, Janeček ER, Bekdemir A, Sanavio B, Martinelli C, Donalisio M, Rameix Welti MA, Eleouet JF, Han Y, Kaiser L, Vukovic L, Tapparel C, Král P, Krol S, Lembo D, Stellacci F.

Nat Mater. 2018 Feb;17(2):195-203. doi: 10.1038/nmat5053. Epub 2017 Dec 18.


The traditional use of Vachellia nilotica for sexually transmitted diseases is substantiated by the antiviral activity of its bark extract against sexually transmitted viruses.

Donalisio M, Cagno V, Civra A, Gibellini D, Musumeci G, Rittà M, Ghosh M, Lembo D.

J Ethnopharmacol. 2018 Mar 1;213:403-408. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2017.11.039. Epub 2017 Dec 2.


Propagation of respiratory viruses in human airway epithelia reveals persistent virus-specific signatures.

Essaidi-Laziosi M, Brito F, Benaoudia S, Royston L, Cagno V, Fernandes-Rocha M, Piuz I, Zdobnov E, Huang S, Constant S, Boldi MO, Kaiser L, Tapparel C.

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jun;141(6):2074-2084. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2017.07.018. Epub 2017 Aug 8.


Inhibition of herpes simplex-1 virus replication by 25-hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol.

Cagno V, Civra A, Rossin D, Calfapietra S, Caccia C, Leoni V, Dorma N, Biasi F, Poli G, Lembo D.

Redox Biol. 2017 Aug;12:522-527. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2017.03.016. Epub 2017 Mar 23.


In vitro anti-herpes simplex virus-2 activity of Salvia desoleana Atzei & V. Picci essential oil.

Cagno V, Sgorbini B, Sanna C, Cagliero C, Ballero M, Civra A, Donalisio M, Bicchi C, Lembo D, Rubiolo P.

PLoS One. 2017 Feb 16;12(2):e0172322. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172322. eCollection 2017.


M48U1 and Tenofovir combination synergistically inhibits HIV infection in activated PBMCs and human cervicovaginal histocultures.

Musumeci G, Bon I, Lembo D, Cagno V, Re MC, Signoretto C, Diani E, Lopalco L, Pastori C, Martin L, Ponchel G, Gibellini D, Bouchemal K.

Sci Rep. 2017 Feb 1;7:41018. doi: 10.1038/srep41018.


In vitro screening for antiviral activity of Turkish plants revealing methanolic extract of Rindera lanata var. lanata active against human rotavirus.

Civra A, Francese R, Sinato D, Donalisio M, Cagno V, Rubiolo P, Ceylan R, Uysal A, Zengin G, Lembo D.

BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017 Jan 24;17(1):74. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1560-3.


Additives for vaccine storage to improve thermal stability of adenoviruses from hours to months.

Pelliccia M, Andreozzi P, Paulose J, D'Alicarnasso M, Cagno V, Donalisio M, Civra A, Broeckel RM, Haese N, Jacob Silva P, Carney RP, Marjomäki V, Streblow DN, Lembo D, Stellacci F, Vitelli V, Krol S.

Nat Commun. 2016 Nov 30;7:13520. doi: 10.1038/ncomms13520.


Linear biocompatible glyco-polyamidoamines as dual action mode virus infection inhibitors with potential as broad-spectrum microbicides for sexually transmitted diseases.

Mauro N, Ferruti P, Ranucci E, Manfredi A, Berzi A, Clerici M, Cagno V, Lembo D, Palmioli A, Sattin S.

Sci Rep. 2016 Sep 19;6:33393. doi: 10.1038/srep33393.


Ficus religiosa L. bark extracts inhibit infection by herpes simplex virus type 2 in vitro.

Ghosh M, Civra A, Rittà M, Cagno V, Mavuduru SG, Awasthi P, Lembo D, Donalisio M.

Arch Virol. 2016 Dec;161(12):3509-3514. Epub 2016 Aug 31.


Oxysterols: An emerging class of broad spectrum antiviral effectors.

Lembo D, Cagno V, Civra A, Poli G.

Mol Aspects Med. 2016 Jun;49:23-30. doi: 10.1016/j.mam.2016.04.003. Epub 2016 Apr 13. Review.


The AGMA1 poly(amidoamine) inhibits the infectivity of herpes simplex virus in cell lines, in human cervicovaginal histocultures, and in vaginally infected mice.

Donalisio M, Quaranta P, Chiuppesi F, Pistello M, Cagno V, Cavalli R, Volante M, Bugatti A, Rusnati M, Ranucci E, Ferruti P, Lembo D.

Biomaterials. 2016 Apr;85:40-53. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2016.01.055. Epub 2016 Jan 27.


Hexagonal-shaped chondroitin sulfate self-assemblies have exalted anti-HSV-2 activity.

Galus A, Mallet JM, Lembo D, Cagno V, Djabourov M, Lortat-Jacob H, Bouchemal K.

Carbohydr Polym. 2016 Jan 20;136:113-20. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.08.054. Epub 2015 Aug 20.


Ficus religiosa L. bark extracts inhibit human rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus infection in vitro.

Cagno V, Civra A, Kumar R, Pradhan S, Donalisio M, Sinha BN, Ghosh M, Lembo D.

J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Dec 24;176:252-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.10.042. Epub 2015 Oct 31.


The agmatine-containing poly(amidoamine) polymer AGMA1 binds cell surface heparan sulfates and prevents attachment of mucosal human papillomaviruses.

Cagno V, Donalisio M, Bugatti A, Civra A, Cavalli R, Ranucci E, Ferruti P, Rusnati M, Lembo D.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Sep;59(9):5250-9. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00443-15. Epub 2015 Jun 15.

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