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Brain Sci. 2017 Apr 27;7(5). pii: E48. doi: 10.3390/brainsci7050048.

In Vitro, Ex Vivo and In Vivo Techniques to Study Neuronal Migration in the Developing Cerebral Cortex.

Author information

1
Department of Oncology, University of Cambridge, Hutchison-MRC Research Centre, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XZ, UK. RA461@cam.ac.uk.
2
Wellcome Trust-Medical Research Council Cambridge Stem Cell Institute, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QR, UK. RA461@cam.ac.uk.
3
Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK. RA461@cam.ac.uk.
4
Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Via Balzaretti, 9, Milan 20133, Italy. roberto.oleari@unimi.it.
5
Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Via Balzaretti, 9, Milan 20133, Italy. antonella.lettieri@unimi.it.
6
Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Via Balzaretti, 9, Milan 20133, Italy. valentina.andre@unimi.it.
7
Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Via Balzaretti, 9, Milan 20133, Italy. anna.cariboni@unimi.it.
8
Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11-43 Bath Street, London EC1V 9EL, UK. anna.cariboni@unimi.it.

Abstract

Neuronal migration is a fundamental biological process that underlies proper brain development and neuronal circuit formation. In the developing cerebral cortex, distinct neuronal populations, producing excitatory, inhibitory and modulatory neurotransmitters, are generated in different germinative areas and migrate along various routes to reach their final positions within the cortex. Different technical approaches and experimental models have been adopted to study the mechanisms regulating neuronal migration in the cortex. In this review, we will discuss the most common in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo techniques to visualize and study cortical neuronal migration.

KEYWORDS:

cortex; electroporation; migrating neuron; migration assays

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