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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017 May 3;57(7):1411-1422. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2014.1000482.

Management of diabetic complications through fruit flavonoids as a natural remedy.

Author information

1
a Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Sargodha , Sargodha , Pakistan.
2
b Department of Animal Sciences , University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha , Sargodha , Pakistan.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a global disorder, and a major issue for health care systems. The current review outlooks the use of fruit flavonoids as natural remedy in the prevention of diabetes mellitus. The onset of diabetes mainly depends upon genetics and lifestyle issues. Currently used therapeutic options for the control of diabetes, like dietary amendments, oral hypoglycemic drugs, and insulin, have their own limitations. Fruit flavonoids possess various antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant potentials and act on various cellular signaling pathways in pancreas, white adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and liver function, which in result induces antidiabetic effects. Recently, antidiabetic effect of fruit flavonoids has been studied using various animal models and clinical trials. Research studies revealed a statistically significant potential of fruit flavonoids in managing the altered glucose and oxidative metabolisms in diabetes. Unlike synthetic antidiabetic agents, fruit flavonoids manage diabetes without compromising cellular homeostasis thereby posing no side effects. Further studies are required in purification and characterization of different fruit flavonoids with respect to their beneficial effect for diabetic patients.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes mellitus; antidiabetic effect; flavonoids; fruits

PMID:
26065867
DOI:
10.1080/10408398.2014.1000482
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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