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Materials (Basel). 2013 May 30;6(6):2240-2261. doi: 10.3390/ma6062240.

High Pressure Compression-Molding of α-Cellulose and Effects of Operating Conditions.

Author information

1
Université de Toulouse, INP-ENSIACET, LCA (Laboratoire de Chimie Agro industrielle), Toulouse F 31030, France. thibaud.pintiaux@ensiacet.fr.
2
INRA, UMR 1010 CAI, Toulouse F 31030, France. thibaud.pintiaux@ensiacet.fr.
3
The Green Factory, 27 rue Chanez, Paris 75016, France. thibaud.pintiaux@ensiacet.fr.
4
The Green Factory, 27 rue Chanez, Paris 75016, France. david.viet@ensiacet.fr.
5
Université de Toulouse, INP-ENSIACET, LCA (Laboratoire de Chimie Agro industrielle), Toulouse F 31030, France. virginie.vandenbossche@ensiacet.fr.
6
INRA, UMR 1010 CAI, Toulouse F 31030, France. virginie.vandenbossche@ensiacet.fr.
7
Université de Toulouse, INP-ENSIACET, LCA (Laboratoire de Chimie Agro industrielle), Toulouse F 31030, France. luc.rigal@ensiacet.fr.
8
INRA, UMR 1010 CAI, Toulouse F 31030, France. luc.rigal@ensiacet.fr.
9
Université de Toulouse, INP-ENSIACET, LCA (Laboratoire de Chimie Agro industrielle), Toulouse F 31030, France. antoine.rouilly@ensiacet.fr.
10
INRA, UMR 1010 CAI, Toulouse F 31030, France. antoine.rouilly@ensiacet.fr.

Abstract

Commercial α-cellulose was compression-molded to produce 1A dog-bone specimens under various operating conditions without any additive. The resulting agromaterials exhibited a smooth, plastic-like surface, and constituted a suitable target as replacement for plastic materials. Tensile and three-points bending tests were conducted according to ISO standards related to the evaluation of plastic materials. The specimens had strengths comparable to classical petroleum-based thermoplastics. They also exhibited high moduli, which is characteristic of brittle materials. A higher temperature and higher pressure rate produced specimens with higher mechanical properties while low moisture content produced weaker specimens. Generally, the strong specimen had higher specific gravity and lower moisture content. However, some parameters did not follow the general trend e.g., thinner specimen showed much higher Young's Modulus, although their specific gravity and moisture content remained similar to control, revealing a marked skin-effect which was confirmed by SEM observations.

KEYWORDS:

agromaterials; biomaterials; compression-molding; mechanical properties; α-cellulose

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