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Sensors (Basel). 2018 Jul 18;18(7). pii: E2329. doi: 10.3390/s18072329.

The Odor Characterizations and Reproductions in Machine Olfactions: A Review.

Author information

1
School of Information Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China. wentt.cn@outlook.com.
2
School of Information Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China. dehanluo@gdut.edu.com.
3
School of Information Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China. jfhe@gdut.edu.cn.
4
School of Information Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China. mkai2017@outlook.com.

Abstract

Machine olfaction is a novel technology and has been developed for many years. The electronic nose with an array of gas sensors, a crucial application form of the machine olfaction, is capable of sensing not only odorous compounds, but also odorless chemicals. Because of its fast response, mobility and easy of use, the electronic nose has been applied to scientific and commercial uses such as environment monitoring and food processing inspection. Additionally, odor characterization and reproduction are the two novel parts of machine olfaction, which extend the field of machine olfaction. Odor characterization is the technique that characterizes odorants as some form of general odor information. At present, there have already been odor characterizations by means of the electronic nose. Odor reproduction is the technique that re-produces an odor by some form of general odor information and displays the odor by the olfactory display. It enhances the human ability of controlling odors just as the control of light and voice. In analogy to visual and auditory display technologies, is it possible that the olfactory display will be used in our daily life? There have already been some efforts toward odor reproduction and olfactory displays.

KEYWORDS:

electronic noses; machine olfaction; odor characterizations; odor reproductions; olfactory displays

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