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Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2013 Aug;14(4):385-8. doi: 10.1089/sur.2012.050. Epub 2013 Jul 16.

Outbreak of infections caused by Group A Streptococcus after modified radical mastectomy.

Author information

1
Infectious Disease Office, Qingdao University, Qingdao City, Shandong Province, China, 26003. chenqingzeng2002@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Eight infections occurred after modified radical mastectomies in a tertiary-care hospital. Group A streptococci (GAS) were isolated from three of the eight patients.

METHODS:

To control the outbreak, an epidemiologic investigation was conducted, and healthcare workers were screened for pathogens. Strains isolated from healthcare workers were compared with patient strains by emm typing.

RESULTS:

One surgeon attended one of the eight operations and observed the other seven. Streptococcus strains from the hands of this surgeon were identical to the patient strains. After the surgeon was suspended from duty and underwent eradication treatment, the outbreak was controlled.

CONCLUSIONS:

This outbreak of GAS infection is believed to have occurred by airborne transmission. Suspending patient care by healthcare workers who carry the causative GAS in a site(s) other than the respiratory tract for only the first 24 h they are receiving chemoprophylaxis may not be long enough. Sampling of the hands of healthcare workers during an investigation of nosocomial GAS infection is valuable.

PMID:
23859674
PMCID:
PMC3752502
DOI:
10.1089/sur.2012.050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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