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Mymensingh Med J. 2018 Jul;27(3):480-486.

Evaluation of Surgical Site Infection among Post Cesarean Patients in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital.

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1
Dr Sarmin Sultana Shikha, Junior Consultant (Obs & Gynae), Department of Obs & Gynae, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Abstract

Surgical site infection (SSI) in postnatal period is a noteworthy misery for the mother as well as the family increasing both hospital stay and hospital expenses. SSI in post cesarean patients has not been well documented in study area despite considerable number of cesarean section performed and the relatively common occurrence of SSI. Hence this cross sectional observational study was intended in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh (MMCH), Bangladesh among 100 patients to assess the risk factors of incisional SSI after cesarean section from March 2012 to February 2013. The patients diagnosed as SSI were enrolled purposively. Age, status of antenatal checkup, indication of operation, duration of operation, thickness of subcutaneous fat, character and bacteriological study of wound discharge, post operative day of detection of wound infection, status of hemoglobin were considered as major variables. Among the patients 96% underwent emergency cesarean section which were done 40% due to obstructed labour, 35% had prolonged labour and 26% had PROM more than 24 hours. Most of the infections (50%) were detected on 5th post operative day. Duration of operation was more than one hour in 35% cases, 65% patient's subcutaneous fat thickness was more than 2cm. Regarding wound discharge, 65% were serosanguinous. Organisms from wound swab were detected in 55% cases. Among those 85% infection occurred by Staphylococcus and 15% by E. coli. Moderate to severe anaemia was diagnosed in 75% patients. Maximum (80%) patients were not under regular antenatal check up. Finally it was revealed that emergency CS, obstructed labour, prolonged ruptured membrane, prolong duration of operation, anaemia, irregular antenatal check up are possible considerable risk factors for surgical site infection. Obstetrician should meticulously follow surgical safety checklist and ensure the essential safety steps into their normal operative workflow specially during handling the patients with risk factors. Encourage for regular ANC & improvement of host factor also should consider as remedial measures.

PMID:
30141435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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