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Microorganisms. 2019 Nov 5;7(11). pii: E529. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms7110529.

Prevalence, Molecular Typing, and Determination of the Biofilm-Forming Ability of Listeria monocytogenes Serotypes from Poultry Meat and Poultry Preparations in Spain.

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Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Veterinary Faculty, University of León, E-24071 León, Spain.
Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of León, E-24071 León, Spain.
Area of Food Technology, University of Vigo, E-32004 Ourense, Spain.


A study was undertaken of the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in 260 samples of poultry meat obtained from retail outlets in northwestern Spain. L. monocytogenes was detected in 20 samples (7.7%). Twenty strains (one strain per positive sample) were characterized. The strains belonged to 10 serotypes: 1/2a (2 strains), 1/2b (2), 1/2c (2), 3a (1), 3b (2), 3c (2), 4a (2), 4b (4), 4c (1), and 4d (2). Cluster analysis (ribotyping; EcoRI) showed a strong genetic relationship between strains isolated from samples coming from different outlets. Ribotyping permitted some isolates of the same serotype to be differentiated, which points to the possible usefulness of this technique in the epidemiological surveillance of L. monocytogenes. All strains formed biofilm on polystyrene, as shown by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The biovolume (between 621.7 ± 36.0 µm3 and 62,984.0 ± 14,888.2 µm3 in the observational field of 14,161 μm2), percentage of surface coverage (from 2.17 ± 0.84% to 94.43 ± 3.97%), roughness (between 0.399 ± 0.052 and 0.830 ± 0.022), and maximum thickness (between 9.00 ± 0.00 µm and 24.00 ± 14.93 µm) of biofilms varied between strains (p < 0.05). These results expand knowledge of the characteristics of L. monocytogenes isolates from poultry.


Listeria monocytogenes; biofilms; lineages; poultry; ribotypes; serotypes

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